32-Bit Float Files Explained

Interesting reading from Sound Devices... " For ultra-high-dynamic-range recording, 32-bit float is an ideal recording format. The primary benefit of these files is their ability to record signals exceeding 0 dBFS. There is in fact so much headroom that from a fidelity standpoint, it doesn’t matter where gains are set while recording. Audio levels in the 32-bit float WAV file can be adjusted up or down after recording with most major DAW software with no added noise or distortion. To understand the nuts and bolts of 32-bit files, keep reading. This paper discusses the differences between 16-bit fixed point, 24-bit fixed point, and 32-bit floating point files." 

You can read the complete article here.